Acne is a skin condition that affects millions of people around the world. It causes frustration and embarrassment to most individuals, but understanding common acne types , the nature of it’s causes, prevention and available treatment options is really crucial. In this article we’ll have an insight on acne’s world by exploring it’s origins, treatment methods and tips for a clearer skin.
Acne primarily affects the pilosebaceous unit, which includes hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Acne’s medical terminology is “Acne Vulgaris”, it results to pimples, blackheads and whiteheads. The results are caused by blockage of hair follicles and dead skin cells. Pimples made up of pus, sometimes become uncomfortable and painful. You are likely to witness acne affecting the face, back, chest and shoulders.
Common Acne Types:
Fungal Acne ( Malassezia Folliculitis) : This usually gets confused with common acne. It unveils in clusters of small itchy red bumps on skin. You can notice spots of red bumps (papules) or white heads (pustules), usually between 1-2mm in size. Common locations of fungal acne are in forehead, frontal hairline and temples.
Cystic/Nodular Acne (Acne Conglobata) : A rare form of nodulocystic acne caused by a combo of dead skin cells and hair follicles. Cystic acne comes with tender, interconnecting pores, inflammatory nodules and deep abscesses. This form of acne affects the face, back, chest, shoulders, buttocks, upper arms and thighs. It ruptures the skin and may form an inflammation similar to boils.
The two aforementioned are common acne types. However, acne comes in two distinctive forms : non-inflammatory and inflammatory respectively. The former occurs without the swell and redness of the skin. On the other hand, because of inflammation the latter form is marked by redness and swelling whereby papules, pustules, cysts and nodules become vivid.
Causes of Acne:
Hormonal Changes : Fluctuations resulting to an imbalance such as those that occur during menstruation, pregnancy, puberty and stress. These changes can trigger the production of sebum (oil), an increase leads an individual’s proneness to acne’s. When sebum is overly produced, skin gets clogged making room for bacteria to thrive.
Bacterial Infection : Propionbacterium acnes are a result of outgrown bacteria from clogged hair follicles causing inflammation and skin damage.
Genetics : A family background of Acne may increase chances of exposure to the condition.
Diet : There’s a need for further research on the impact of some dietary factors, such as consuming high glycemic foods and dairy products. Glycemic Index (GI) references on how quick food consumption affects blood’s sugar (glucose) levels. Foods high in Carbs have a GI, on the other hand fats, oils and meats do not have a GI, however in people with diabetes these foods can affect sugar levels in blood.
Treatment Options :
Over-the- Counter Products : Topical treatments containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can unclog pores and reduce acne.
Prescription Medicine : A dermatologist is likely to prescribe topical retinoids, oral antibiotics or hormonal treatments for more cases of acne.
Professional Procedures : Chemical peels, microdermabrasion or laser therapy to reduce the appearance of acne scars.
Lifestyle Changes : A healthy lifestyle through regular exercise, balanced diet, stress management and proper skincare can play a crucial role in managing acne.
Prevention Tips :
Keep Skin Clean : Gently cleanse your face twice a day with a mild, non-comedogenic cleanser. Avoid picking and squeezing pimples because this will worsen inflammation and lead to scarring.
Healthy Diet : Fruits, Vegetables and whole grains and limit sugary and high glycemic foods.
Stay Hydrated : Drink Plenty of water to keep your skin nourished and healthy.
Consult your physician before consumption to ensure your safety and that of your loved one(s). Make sure your desired source of brand or generic medication offers enough information about their practices. Follow only FDA approved stores for high quality and reliable drugs.